Cargo handling operations have a considerable number of safety concerns. It becomes crucial for shipping personnel to be familiar with the myriad considerations that must be kept in mind strictly while executing operations of freight management. Being aware of the essential safety measures and at the same time, creating appropriate use of materials handling equipment are some of the efficient ways to make sure that cargo is handled safely without any damage.  

Let us find out the most common hazards related to shipments and tips to safeguard shipboard cargo:

Wear and Tear:

When a shipment gets in touch with other types of cargo then there are various chances of wear and tears leading to major shipment hazards. However, this kind of situation emerges from improper internal packaging that makes the contents confront stress via exterior packaging. 


When a co-loaded cargo is there on the top of a shipment, it leads to crushing or compression. Extreme damage is due to exterior packaging without support. Internal packaging needs to be organized to accommodate open spaces while offering great support to the external packaging. It reduces the instances of constriction or crushing of cargo. 

Environmental Vulnerability:

Cargo damage is also due to climate and environmental conditions. Geographical conditions also significantly impact the cargo during shipment. The contents of water or humidity not only damage the content of the shipment but at the same time also mutilate the solidarity of the packaging. 

Handling of Shipment:

Several hazards may arise during the manual lifting of cargo that is non-palletized as it often gets dropped owing to excessive weight. Even when raised by a forklift, in the case of palletised shipments, there are various chances of coming across a fall or slide. Hence, even a mere fall or slide damages the complete shipment.  


There are also chances of cargo experiencing a shock during transit as it gets transported from different modes which involves forklifts, conveyors and carts. Hence, the mode of transportation gives heavy shock to the packaging causing extreme damage. Moreover, when the inner or outer packaging is not able to withstand the handling elements that a shipment confronts during transit, it damages the whole cargo.

Essential Tips for Safety of the Cargo from Shipment Hazards:

As we have come across the different types of damage during shipment thus it has turned out to be indispensable to explore different methods to protect the cargo. The two foremost strategies to keep goods safe involve banding and shrink wrap, applicable for palletized and non-palletized freight. If we talk about the banding types that incorporate steel, nylon polyester etc. 

When it comes to heavy goods, metal is excellent. Moreover, nylon and PET are favourable for boxes and soft goods. Plastic strapping includes things such as an unbreakable seal, which must be used while making sure that it remains highly durable. 

Different Types of Methods are mentioned below:

Shrink Wrapping:

The shrink wrap is tightly wrapped around the goods while rotating across the film in the horizontal direction, the film has to be applied constantly until 50 per cent is overlapped on the previous film layer. In shrink wrap, the film is criss-crossed diagonally starting from the corner till the top gets wholly covered. Lastly, the film has to be angled in a direction that is downward and overlaps tightly in the base of the pallet. 

Banding or Strapping: 

Strapping comes out to be the most convenient and safest way to protect goods during shipping. As per the standards of IATA, strappling needs to be done in four ways. When it is applied manually, the first piece is looped beneath the pallet void and over the top of the freight to safeguard it vertically. Hence, repetition is made in all directions. 

Edge Protectors:

Vertical edge protectors enable it to reduce the damage to the box while stabilizing the load. Horizontal as well as upright edge protectors are quite advantageous. 


A protective layer is made with a paperboard which is kept on the top, base and sides. This helps in disseminating the shipment weights on the top of and against the base slats. 

Overall, shipment hazards are not completely inevitable. You can try to keep your cargo safe with the help of the above-mentioned tips that will keep your cargo in optimal condition during the transit.